Fourty major international and Australian academics and researchers including myself have written to the Therapeutics Goods Administration in support of an application to make lower concentrations of nicotine available for utilization in e-cigarettes (“vaping”).
Within Australia, it is actually illegal to possess or use nicotine besides in tobacco or nicotine-replacement products, as nicotine is classified within the Poisons Standard as being a Schedule 7 “dangerous poison”.
Because the primary addictive part of tobacco smoke, nicotine is area of the problem. However, this may also be area of the solution. Using clean nicotine in e-cigarettes provides smokers having an alternative way to get the nicotine which they are addicted without the tobacco smoke which induces many of the harm from smoking.
As well as delivering nicotine, e-cigarettes replicate several crucial sides of the “smoking experience”. This consists of the hand-to-mouth movement as well as the sensory and social facets of the habit that smokers so frequently miss once they try to quit.
How harmful is nicotine?
The medical results of nicotine are relatively minor. It is not a carcinogen and does not cause respiratory disease. It has only relatively minor effects on the heart, including short-lived rises in heartrate and blood pressure levels, constriction of coronary arteries and a rise in the contracting of the heart muscle.
Nicotine in pregnancy harms the baby’s developing brain and lungs and reduces growth. Additionally it is harmful to the adolescent brain, delays wound healing and increases insulin resistance. There is certainly some evidence in laboratory studies that nicotine may promote existing cancers.
However, when separated from the toxins in tobacco smoke and found in its pure form, there is very little evidence of long term harm from nicotine exposure in humans outside pregnancy and adolescence.
Reports have found the risks from vaping are unlikely to be greater than 5% of the potential risk of smoking, and could well be substantially less than this. As the vast majority of best vapor store users are smokers or recent ex-smokers, this represents a huge health benefit for people who move to vaping.
The impact of vaping on bystanders is additionally thought to be negligible. E-cigarettes release low levels of nicotine and minimal levels of other chemicals into the ambient air. The expired vapour dissipates quickly without any significant health hazards to bystanders.
Recent research has found nicotine is much less toxic than previously thought. Many instances of intentional overdose with nicotine solutions result in prompt vomiting and full recovery.
Similarly, accidental poisoning in kids typically causes mild side effects. Serious outcomes are rare. Most child poisoning with nicotine can be prevented with common sense, childproof packaging and warning labels, much like other potentially toxic medicines and cleaning products based in the home.
Overseas experience has shown e-cigarettes are not a gateway to smoking for younger people. Although adolescents are experimenting with e-cigarettes, regular use by non-smokers is rare. The fantastic most of adolescents use nicotine-free e-cigarettes.
In reality, the evidence suggests e-cigarettes are acting as an “exit gateway” and they are displacing smoking. It is obviously better for younger people never to use e-cigarettes, but vaping is preferable to smoking.
Smokers who want to reduce the health risks from smoking are employing e-cigarettes almost exclusively as a safer substitute for combustible tobacco. After 10 years of overseas’ experience, there is xocplg evidence e-cigarettes are renormalising smoking, are undermining tobacco control or are employed to any significant extent for temporary, not permanent, abstinence (for instance, in places that you can’t smoke).
Why nicotine needs to be legalised
Paradoxically, current Australian laws ban a less harmful kind of nicotine intake (e-cigarettes) while allowing the widespread sale of the very lethal form of nicotine intake (cigarettes). Despite the legal restrictions and difficulties of access, e-cigarette use has been growing rapidly in Australia.
Amending the Poisons Standard will allow smokers who definitely are unable or unwilling to give up smoking to legally access low concentrations of nicotine for harm reduction. It is additionally legally used in nicotine-replacement therapies including patches, so why not e-cigarettes?
Regulation beneath the Australian Consumer Law would improve product safety and quality, restrict sales to minors and make sure child-resistant containers and appropriate advertising. It would also get rid of the black market as well as the risks associated with it.
A recent study estimated over 6 million European Union citizens used e-cigarettes to give up smoking. Throughout the uk, 1.3 million ex-smokers are using an electronic cigarette. Similarly, chances are tens of thousands of Australians will stop smoking tobacco using e-cigarettes if nicotine is legally available.